Policy Brief – Challenges Associated with Formal Education in Rural Areas

Policy Brief – Challenges Associated with Formal Education in Rural Areas

ISBN: 978-989-781-595-9


  • Paul Flynn – paul.flynn@nuigalway.ie
    School of Education – National University of Ireland Galway
  • Alen Mujčinović – a.mujcinovic@ppf.unsa.ba
    University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences – UNSA, FAFS
  • Tatiana Ferreira – Tatiana.mjferreira@gmail.com
    School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, Portugal
  • Štefan Bojnec – stefan.bojnec@siol.net
    University of Primorska – Faculty of Management – Slovenia
  • Gabriela Neagu – gabi.neagu@iccv.ro
    Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy – RIQL
  • Ilkay Unay-Gailhard – unaygailhard@iamo.de
    Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO),
    Saale, Germany
  • Antonella Rocca – antonella.rocca@uniparthenope.it
    University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
  • Vladislava Lendzhova – vlendzhova@swu.bg
    South-West University Neofit Rilski, Bulgaria
  • Daniela Bojadjieva – Daniela.Mamucevska@eccf.ukim.edu.mk
    Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

The authors wish to thank COST Action 18213 Chair, Francisco Simões of CIS-ISCTE, Portugal and Heidi Paabort at the University of Estonia for their review and feedback on this Policy Brief.
We would also like to acknowledge the wider support of the COST Action 18213 membership in providing direction in the early stages of this work.
The authors would also like to thank Prof. Pat Dolan (UNESCO Chair in Children, Youth and Civic Engagement) at the National University of Ireland Galway and Prof. Mark Brennan (UNESCO Chair in Community, Leadership, and Youth
Development) at Pennsylvania State University for their encouragement, guidance and support.


COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a funding agency for research and innovation networks.
Our Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. This boosts their research, career and innovation.

Official COST Web: CA18213 https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18213/